Move Political Prisoner Debbie Africa’s Upcoming Parole Hearing


For many, the MOVE are unknown, but for those who seek a sustainable future, these are some of the earliest “bioneers” of our movement. After generations of harassment, assaults carried out by police, prejudice and hate, the Move are still alive, more or less intact and continuing the efforts for which they have been persecuted. The first that I heard of the MOVE group, was through the writings published in the Yipster Times, a publication of all things YIP (Youth International Party) As far back as seventy six, these folks were trying to rehabilitate cities, especially Philadelphia, trying to make them thrive, producing their own food within an urban gentrified core, which were becoming common across the nation. Food production in urban areas is now becoming fashionable, but back then, the trend established by the big money interests was to get us all sequestered into food deserts where we could have our income extracted by the corporate model of providing for our every need and want, at a price, our humanity.

The MOVE was contrary to the flow of history at that time, but their ideas were vital and strong and continue to influence the debate about our food shed, what is wrong with technocracy and what, exactly, our responsibilities are to one another,  the human tribe, to nature and to the future of our planet. Our national loyalties used to be to GM, Ford and Chrysler, Exxon-Mobil and Shell Oil and the patriotism of the day wanted all of us to work for the war machine of Rockwell International, General Dynamics and General Electric. To some extent, those companies are being replaced by ever-larger banking and financial institutions. Do not delude yourself, there are those among us who still want us to bow down to the corporate structures behind these and many other corporate welfare recipients, but the tide has turned. The big corporados just will not let go of their powerful dominion over us. Their hands have become accustomed to being tightly wrapped around the throat of our nation.

This may seem out of place in a blog that purports to be about ecology, Permaculture, ECO-ethics and Trees, but for the past several decades, our local not-for-profit, ECO-Tours of Wisconsin Inc. has planted trees across Northeast Wisconsin. We rehabilitate areas that have fallen under the heavy hand of corporate dominion. This past year we have been making inroads toward planting in the watershed of Lake Superior, expanding the reach of our work exponentially. We see many, very real, threats from business as usual or what our very powerful overlords call “just business”. Taking stock of the current state of affairs is a significant part of making the desired changes required to get to an optimal future state. Creating a valid government requires that we no longer imprison large numbers of black people simply because we do not want to hear what they have to say, the way they choose to express their truth or the recreation that they might seek to enjoy. Permaculture will require a more realistic view of our citizens, no matter what color they are.

I hate to mix apples and oranges, but the rapid rise in incarceration foisted upon the residents of central cities from across our nation is nothing short of genocidal. To sequester a significant part of our society behind bars, especially when it pushes beyond the percentage of any time in recorded history, reeks of bigotry, racism and a cultural reality that neglects human rights and freedom at a very real cost to our future. Imagine the state of affairs that the MOVE family has had to endure. Parents in jail for over thirty years, for crimes they never committed. Enduring the wrath of the state over frivolous charges based on stereotypes and hatred, nothing more. The same can be said for the millions of “drug” prisoners (not that the MOVE were charged with any drug charges, they were straight edge.) whose only offense was that they were trying to make a living in parts of our cities that had been written off but for the value of extracting capital from them.

There has been a continuing increase, a veritable groundswell of people becoming aware of the extractive quality of our oligarchy. Millions more are standing up for truth and justice in the face of class warfare.  We all know that there is a class of people who buy our politicians, rig our elections and determine our quality of life, or lack thereof,  in increasingly insidious ways. The Move were just the beginning of a great movement that continues to gain strength. Please support the release of political prisoners, wherever you may find them. please take the time to get to know the facts and write a letter or two about what you find. The future needs all of us to stand together to stop this sort of homegrown terrorism against our own people.

Originally posted on Internationalist Prison Books Collective:

freethemove9 From Denver Anarchist Black Cross

We just wanted to inform people that sometime in May Debbie (Sims) Africa will be going before The Pa Parole Board for what will be her now 7th parole hearing since 2008 . We are putting together a parole sample sheet and are asking that people sign it or write their own letter of parole in support of Debbie for her upcoming hearing people can mail Their letters of support for Debbie’s Parole to The Move Organization 19709 Philadelphia pa 19143. Time is short so we need as many letters as possible

Ona Move

Please take a moment to write a letter in support of parole for Debbie prior to her next hearing scheduled for in or after May 2014. Letters can be sent to The Move Organization at P.O. Box 19709, Philadelphia, PA 19143. Please make sure your letter arrives by May 1st.

Sample letter:

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Learning About Soil

This is something that many of us have heard many times, but for soils to begin to make sense we need to look at them in a different way. I could go on and on about air deposition of toxic compounds, cation exchange, N,P &K, hours of sunlight, moisture content and the like, but the real truth of the matter is that to truly get to know your soil, or the soils around us, the best teacher is interaction. I have planted gardens on everything from forest duff to sand, to hard packed clay and the good news is that there was always a t least one crop that seemed to like whatever difficult conditions that it had to endure to grow. The only gardens that I can truly say failed were either planted and then never tended, leading to a weed patch with a few struggling plants that were intentionally planted there, or the drought year that I opened up a new garden on a cinder heap and had to water it daily. Ironically, both of those are on me, not the soil. Had I known then what I know now, both of those years would have been different. I encourage everyone to read a simple book called Soil Science Simplified as well as one called A Biodynamic Farm. Both of these books are published by Acres U.S.A. and they tell about as much as can be said in two books about the subject.

What is not said overtly in these two books, perhaps, is more important than what they can provide in the way of knowledge. Soil is a culture, a medium through which all good things can find a place. The trouble, most often, is that we have used and abused the soils as if they were banks, able to recreate nutrients from thin air. I’m not going to focus on the big three, like most “scientific” approaches typically do, but rather on the micronutrients that constitute the major nutritional values that we humans desire from our crops. It has been said that plants will do alright with just Nitrogen, Potassium and Phosphorus but that is a lie. Like an airbrushed model, you can make them look pretty good and desirable with the big three nutrients, but plant health depends on far more than that.

First, there needs to be some sort of structure, to hold the nutrient. Without organisms and something to absorb, adsorb and hold the nutrients, they will just wash away or down through the root zone and be lost to ground or surface water. This would have been the case if I had put fertilizer in my cinder pile of a yard. In the end that year, what finally killed the garden was the chlorine in the city water that I used to try to keep the plants alive in their parched location. By killing off the few microbes and organisms that were trying to gain a foothold in that environment, all hope for the plants was lost. By my second year on that bit of ground, I had added over one hundred cubic feet of compost and the drainage that the cinders provided was not enough to overcome the holding capacity of the soil that I was creating there. I had also put out a few rain barrels and could water safely. The difficulty that we had that year was a flood which nearly submerged the entire garden for about ten days during the hottest time of the year.

The swings in temperature, moisture and climate that we are experiencing now make understanding and rehabilitating soils around the planet a priority if we are to achieve sustainability. Unless we begin to pay attention to the health and welfare of our soil, there will be little hope of getting a handle on recovering enough arable land to stave off large scale starvation and food wars. My own study of soils began early in life. As many youngsters do, I loved to play in puddles and feel the squishy-squash of mud between the toes. However, once stomped in puddles would dry up and it seemed to me would forever after, the soil would remain devoid of growth.

This is one of the first things many of us learn about soil. Building structure takes time, but ruining it can happen almost instantly. All winter long we can walk on soil, it is perhaps better to explore and learn about our landscape when the growing season is but a memory, getting to know the low spots and where all the ridges are can help us to plan both what should be planted where and what areas need a bit of extra attention. The worst time to traipse through our garden beds or fields is when the ice is going out or when they are excessively wet. This can ruin structure that takes years to develop. The word structure is misleading. You will not find anything,really, being built, but on a microscopic level there are associations that are even more important than the macronutrients N,P&K. There are fungi that build networks of cilia, which probe and hold organic material, feeding on waste products of decomposition, bacterial colonies that can build tiny pockets and by their very nature, these colonies act like sponges, soaking up excess moisture when it is available and tenaciously holding it during drought. Those who respect this culture of life never want to turn over soil or disturb it during the time that it is saturated. The rule of thumb that my grandmother used was that if you can squeeze a handful of soil and drops of water or mud come out, it is too wet to work.

The billions of organisms that live under our feet are easily the easiest to forget about and most difficult to observe. In my experience, the cultural aspects that are alive and working in soils are easier to see in their absence. There are vast areas that get plowed up each year that can be seen as dead zones. In these areas, the cropping has been so intense that nothing even resembling soil is left on the surface. These areas were very easy to spot just one short moon ago when the winter drifts were occasionally covered with the red, white or gray particles that blew over from adjoining fields. Intact soil structure and management that respects the living culture that is necessary for fields to be healthy would hold the soil particles in place, not let the last bit of organic material or the finest particles be lacerated by blowing ice particles or blow away entirely forever being lost to erosion. The other thing that we see in our region routinely is the fields where every eminence is a gravel pile. These areas have had the soils blown off for so many generations that there is nothing but sand or gravel left behind.

As I stated before, we can apply N,P&K to this matrix of geologic material, but the “food” produced in these conditions will be as hollow and vapid as the caricature that we have of the “dumb blonde” or “soulless ginger”. Like so many things in our culture, we forget that beauty that is only skin deep is not a beauty worth having. True beauty comes from the soul and radiates outward. The soul of our agricultural land, in many cases, has been hollowed out like a taxidermists mount. Of course, on the one hand, there is nothing to rot out there, but the biggest concern for those who know about soils is there is nothing to rot out there! A friend tried to counter me on this a few weeks ago and he said, “At least we put manure back on the land adding important nutrients.” While this is somewhat true, the net removal of nutrient is the rule rather than the exception. We are a dairy state and with each cow producing over five gallons of milk each day, that is a lot of nutrients leaving the typical dairy farm. Putting their manure back on the land replaces only a tiny fraction of the food that soil organisms need to stay healthy.

One of the most difficult things for me to hear, and I heard it a lot when I was searching for enough land to start an ecologically sustainable farm, was the statement, “That is good organic land.” It has been in hay for thirty years. It has never had anything put on it.” That means that for thirty years, nearly everything that sprouted up from the earth was stripped off and removed. I have even heard well-meaning farmers say that spreading manure on fields that are meant for hay will make their animals sick. While hay fields are often not ravaged as much by erosive forces, their nutrient density and soil quality can be nearly as bad as over tilled wasteland that has been destroyed through cash cropping or silage production. Trying to look at the mass balance of nutrients in soil can be daunting, but even if you raise cattle for beef, you can assure that at least the weight of the animals, and all the nutrients it took to build their bodies is leaving when they go to slaughter. Unless we give back in equal measure, we are running blind into the brick wall of extraction. One day, no matter how rich the soil was when we started, there will come a time when the land is played out.

Creating a matrix of organic material, biologically active microbial communities and building the nutritional value of our soils can only be accomplished by a three pronged approach. The first part is to add material. some of the most important things that I have found to create the foundation of soil life is clippings from lawns, leaves and food waste, but that is because they seem to be the most readily available materials for me. If I ran a coffee shop, for instance, coffee grounds would be a disposal problem, unless I could find a place to compost them or add them to soil. If I produced wood products, perhaps sawdust would become a disposal problem, unless I could find a place to incorporate them into soil. If I were a manufacturer of products, perhaps wood pallets would become a disposal problem. Treating the soils with more respect may be as simple as redirecting our organic waste to places that need the nutrients and inputs that are creating problems by their very abundance. In some cases, the nutrients can be too concentrated, or too tightly bound up to be of use so some processing may be in order before we can safely land apply them, but  looking into the ways we feed the soil are crucial to the recovery of our arable land. Coffee grounds, for example would need to be composted with other materials to release their potential energy and nutrition. Sawdust or wood pallets can also present a problem if not broken down, composted or put through a pyrolysis process which creates bio-char and allows us to put carbon into soils rather than into the atmosphere. Meat products as well would require special handling and pre-treatment or “digestion” before being applied in most areas because of the hazard they would present if we simply put them on the surface to rot.

Many municipalities are now creating huge composting facilities, but the operators of these sites often do not know what they are doing and the net result is to have them become clearing houses for invasive weed seeds. One local effort to reforest a wildlife area in my city, using the city-made compost as fertilizer and mulch for young trees led to infesting hundreds of acres with garlic mustard, which while edible is not used nearly enough to keep it in check, so it is running rampant across many many acres of land, crowding out native vegetation. Increasing inputs will not be enough by themselves. Often, we need to inoculate them, or add bacteria, fungal spores or nutritional components that are lacking. when we add lots of dry, brown material for instance, in can consume much of the nitrogen available to plants. If we indulge our soils with plenty of green stuff, say grass clippings, it can choke off growth by being too rich. Plants may lack structure and become watery and weak, prone to tipping over or being blown down in the slightest wind. augmenting the elements that are lacking, especially the living organisms that are what we are really trying to support can be tricky. As I mentioned, most of these creatures and organisms are too small to see. We may see the affects or results of their presence but without a microscope, we must learn to understand that they are invisible, but essential to our present as well as our future. Inoculation could come in the form of compost tea, fish emulsion fertilizer or enzymatic concoctions designed to speed decomposition, but what I have found is that the choices we make may not be as important as creating a viable soil matrix with plenty of organic material within which the microbes can thrive. When I make compost, I always try to add at least a few handfuls of healthy soil to the pile for every cubic foot of material that I put on the pile. This and enough moisture to make the material feel like a wet sponge are critical to creating a good soil amendment.

The third thing necessary for the rehabilitation of soils is protecting them. I always try to keep about four inches (10cm) of mulch on top of the soil. If you decide to use newsprint as mulch to keep weeds down, I would still use some mulch on top just to keep the paper from blowing away. Over time the mulch breaks down and will need to be treated as soil, getting another layer of protective material between the wind and sun and the precious soils underneath. Remember that direct sun on soil will sterilize it as surely as an autoclave, but what actually nourishes plants is the symbiosis between a myriad number and types of soil microbes. Allowing the circle of life to enrich us requires that we encourage the circles of life within the soils to be complex, vital and rich. If I can take rock hard clay that would not even grow grass and turn it into a source of over 1/3 of our food needs in just a few years, anyone can do it by using the same simple steps. Compost, compost and compost, learn to feed your soil organisms and watch the development carefully. I continue to learn from my land and anyone who pays some attention can learn to do the same.

My next major undertaking is going to be to create beds that are naturally more acidic and continue to keep some more alkaline by simply tailoring their composts to the different soil types. It may take a few seasons of effort, but the process has already begun and I am having some success after just one year of thoughtful adaptation.

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Ishkigamizigedaa! Bad River Sugar Camps 1844


Thank-You! We all need to become more aware of the tribal pursuits that led to sustainability.

Originally posted on Chequamegon History :

Indian Sugar Camp by Seth Eastman c.1850 (Minnesota Historical Society)

Since we’re into the middle of March 2014 and a couple of warm days have had people asking, “Is it too early to tap?” I thought it might be a good time to transcribe a document I’ve been hanging onto for a while.

170 years ago, that question would have been on everyone’s mind.  The maple sugar season was perhaps the most joyous time of the year.  The starving times of February and early March were on the way out, and food would be readily available again.  Friends and relatives, separated during the winter hunts, might join back together in sugar camp, play music around the fire as the sap boiled, and catch up on the winter’s news.

Probably the only person around here who probably didn’t like the sugar season was the Rev. Sherman Hall.  Hall, who ran the…

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Live Global Winds

This is a helpful tool for visualizing the disruption that the atmosphere is experiencing. In this view of the North Pacific and polar region, you can plainly see that he Polar Vortex, rather than being circular and isolated to the polar region has been stretched into a linear shape that stretches from North central Russia to the Southwestern Tip of Greenland.

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Another Friend Passed the Veil Today

Hand-painted style!

Hand-painted style!

Having the fire of life under your feet, even lapping at them from time to time is never a bad thing. If we ever take anything from death of a close friend, let it be to not take a single moment for granted. Act now in ways that you know will make a difference. In some ways, I hope to light fires under everyone’s feet!

(This is being reprinted nearly five years after first writing, with only a tiny bit of editing because the work we are doing is still just as important as it was five years ago. Bill’s enduring memory knows no time. Like the most ancient artists, Bill worked to render grace,crafted through action that reflect the art of clever living.)

A friend passed the veil today. He was an Earth Warrior before many of us were born. Continuing throughout his life to burn with the purpose and passion of a force of nature. As an Elder, he taught tirelessly about attaining a more sustainable and equitable relationship between humankind and the planet. His name, Bill Hurrle, has been attached to countless documents and decrees about the senseless nature of corporate outlaws, the shill governments that allow people to be poisoned for profit, and the rampant greed, inequality and destruction that it creates. He understood that clean air, water and healthy soil were our birthright.

Bill was one of my mentors. He helped inspire me to ride my bicycle around the Great Lakes, sharing my story and what I knew about living lightly on the planet. This trip, taken in 1987, brought a message of practicality, hope and sustainability to over ten million people living around the lakes.

Bill was also instrumental in the creation and sustenance of the MREA (Midwest Renewable Energy Association) This year, they are hosting the twenty-fifth annual Energy Fair in Custer Wisconsin, showcasing energy efficient technology, and providing workshops on hundreds of practical applications that each of us can use to gain energy independence. This event takes place on the weekend that falls closest to the summer solstice each year. Bill, like this event was one-of-a-kind. His topical writings and contributions to the “environmental movement” will be greatly missed, although a library of his works is in the making. His humility and grace were touchstones for many over the years, and losing his inspired focus will ripple through the community, the region, state of Wisconsin, the US, and reach across the Great Waters of the planet. He realized his soul purpose as water bearer long before I realized my own.

Amongst his many, great achievements, one of his most recent was the creation of a zero net energy home near Green Bay, Wisconsin. People familiar with our climate will appreciate what an awesome accomplishment that is! In winter, we only get about eight hours of sun if we are lucky, which makes our nights twice as long as the days! His remarkable place remains toasty even after several cloudy days, under extreme conditions. Eco-tours of Wisconsin has been blessed with the opportunity to help provide tours to see the home and to plant the denuded landscape and help rehabilitate forest on the land.

In tribute to this staunch defender of the earth, ECO-Tours of Wisconsin will be hosting several special events at his former home, and continuing the process of reforesting part of his family’s property. He was an early volunteer, even before ECO-Tours was formally organized, and through his participation planted many hundreds of native trees with us.

Please heed our call to support continued planting on the property that he so quietly protected by simply doing the right thing there, creating a home that would not burden, but uplift the planet and her people. His last request was to “make this place a genetic bank, use it as a playground and laboratory for permaculture.” We are continuing to build toward sustainability there, both with food production, native plants and trees, as well as occasional tours and classes. Donations toward his memorial garden can be sent to: ECO-Tours of Wisconsin Inc. 1445 Porlier street, Green Bay, WI 54301-3334

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Permaculture- Seven Generations


Wherever you are

Like having fun,

No one will

Do that for you.


All of it.                                    Our birthright

Clean Air

Fresh Water

Uncontaminated Soil

Food without poison.


1445 Porlier


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January Thaw 2014

This year, I will focus on basics, as I have tried to do in the past. My readers know that in simplicity there is always a complex ebb and flow of energy, a tide of substance, attachment, form and energetic interactions that science calls variously pyramids, webs or cycles, a shed, (ie: watershed, or perhaps air shed, food shed, energy shed, etc.) or occasionally they speak of relationship as a series of trophic levels. I understand the science. However, there are relationships that have not yet been discovered as well.

This is from my trip to the isle of Capri to see the Blue Grotto. Amazingly, it is very much like the sea caves of the Apostle Islands.

This is from my trip to the isle of Capri to see the Blue Grotto. Amazingly, it is very much like the sea caves of the Apostle Islands.

Each and every organism is ultimately classified because of several distinct features of their unique sort of existence, they consume and excrete, exchange gasses and reproduce. My compost pile for instance cannot “reproduce” so it is considered inert, even though the actual processes alive within and amongst the inanimate substance of the “compost pile” is a veritable menagerie of organisms.

Spores and colonies, protists, hyphae and layers of a diverse fabric of life are integral instigators in a confluence of resonant energies that in turn lead to the outpouring of the cornucopia of life giving and life affirming food.

Permaculture, the sort I practice, transforms me into a form of epiphite, cultivating not only plants, but the soils upon which they grow. In turn making my living off the relationship with the structure of that other plant. My relative success and failures have been characterized by two very plain facts. So simple as to be overlooked by most.

First off, the ability to make any soil grow healthy plants is to have three basic ingredients a structure to support the roots which allows water to percolate through and enough air that the roots of plants don’t get waterlogged or choked of gas exchange (after all they are organisms too!) Enough sun rain and tending to out-compete other plants from overtaking them. Finally nutrients that can be assimilated need to be available. Remember, this trinity is only point number one. The second is that any dirt can be turned into soil with enough time or intervention, but wisdom comes when we learn to be efficient about the kind of “help” that we lend our soils. Time teaches an observant learner.

Ironically, I’m mentioning air, and drainage as I look out into the yard and see standing puddles atop the frozen Earth, temporary lakes that will go out with the frost. The soils that I have transformed, as if by magic all have one thing in common. I found a way to admit air. Recolonizing damaged land begins by allowing air and occasionally water to percolate and merge with the soil. Secondly, even if I do not have compost to add I immediately add relatively thick mulch to the area I have worked. This helps to keep the sun from drying out the newly established matrix of air/water/critter culture.

In my own relationship with my soils, I spare few efforts in building and maintaining them. Heavy feeders get compost added virtually every year and all of my beds get nearly as much compost annually as the bed produces in food for the table as well. Imagine if each wheat or cornfield could do the same across our great nation…within a few years, there would be no flooding of consequence and virtually no wind erosion.

The most efficient way of adding air/moisture to soils is the human powered broadfork. It is a tool which is a bit like an oversize potato fork, usually it requires one person to stand on it and to lean back on the handles to loosen the soil. In my case, I often took on dirt, not for the purpose of showing off, but because that is what I inherited. More than once, I had to reclaim soils that had become nothing but waste dirt, unable to support any life. As we learn to reclaim ever larger areas, we will need to attend to the long term treatment of our soils, of bear the burden of having to spend massive amounts of time and energy reclaiming them again one day if we forget these two basic tenets.

Targeting our attention to just one thing is often the reason for not seeing the forest because of the trees and when we widen our perception to include the great proliferation of microscopic life that can be right there under our feet, things start to transpose. Things we thought were of prime importance pale by comparison and things we thought were insignificant become paramount.

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